PEMBACAAN EPISTEMOLOGI ILMU TAFSIR
Oleh: Mustofa Kamal*
The dynamics of scientific study of the Qur'an-Tafsir is increasingly faced with the problems of the Muslims and the increasingly complex demands of the times. The approach of the text to the context is a need to communicate the Qur'an, follow the development of the more modern era. Speaking of issues of interpretation of the Qur'an, then the main problem is how to give meaning to the texts of the past that we read. Is an interpreter merely understood as a form of repetition (repetitive) on the production of meaning in the past (epistemology initial interpretation) when interpretation is raised or take a position to continue to creatively and constructively to the production of new meanings according to the episteme and the needs and demands of modern times. Through a historical-philosophical approach to conclude that in the history of the tradition of interpretation of the Qur'an, there has been a shift in epistemological change and continuity, namely: First, the formative era based on the quasi critical reasoning. Second, the era of affirmative action based on ideological reasoning and third, reformative era based on critical reasoning. In determining the distribution methodology interpretation, at least there are two aspects that need to be seen, external aspects and aspects. Outer aspect of interpretation (external) are all matters relating to the presentation of writing as writing systematic interpretation or presentation of interpretations and forms of writing or presenting interpretation. While aspects of the interpretation (internal) are all matters involved in the interpretation of the Qur'an, such as the discussion of the method used, the sources of interpretation, nuance or shades of interpretation.